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Abdukholiq G'ijduvani kuddisu sirrihu. Khoja Muhammad Arif ar-Revgari. The mausoleum of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnavi. Memorial complex of Khoja Ali Romitani. Khoja Muhammad Baba Samosi memorial complex. Khwaja Syed Amir Kulol Bukhari memorial complex. Bahouddin Naqshband.
The mausoleum of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Faghnavi.
Information about the mausoleum of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Faghnavi, the 3rd piri of ancient Bukhara
Article

Khoja Mahmud Anjir Faghnavi was born around the seventh/early thirteenth century in the village of Anjir Fagna, located in what is now Wobkent district near Bukhara, and lived in Wobkent, where he died.  


Mahmud Anjir Faghnavi was a humble, truthful and pious man who often sat in the mosque. That is, for one or more days without leaving the mosque, he engaged only in dhikr and prayer.


Khoja Mahmud earned his living by engaging in architecture and building construction. According to stories of his contemporaries, he was also engaged in gardening.


Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi was of the lineage of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.v.) and belonged to the Sayyids.
Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi had two sons, Sayyid Omar and Mawlana Najmiddin Khojib.


Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi was the second of the seven Bukhara pirs, the caliph of Khoja Arif Revgari. Khoja Mahmud was a man of superior education who concentrated knowledge gained through hearing (o Qol) and knowledge given by God (Hol). He studied from Revgari the sciences of appearance and soul. In the presence of his mentor he went through the stages of purification of the soul (sairu) and became one of the mature followers.


Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi, along with the preaching of his teacher's teachings, introduced one of the rules of Hojagan-Naqshbandi teachings, Dhikr Jahri (explicit dhikr) instead of Dhikr Hafi (quiet dhikr). Dhikr, introduced by Khoja Abdulkhalik Gijduvani, was also observed in the time of Hafi Khoja Orif Revgari. When the death of Khoja Orif Revgari is approaching, Murid on the hill of Revgari says to Khoja Mahmud, “at this time his students should say Dhikri Jahr for the soul”.


After receiving permission from his teacher Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi for Irshad, he spent several years educating students at the Wobkent mosque as well as teaching jahri dhikr. The wide literal use of jahri dhikr and its transformation into one of the basic provisions of the doctrine of Khojagan-Naqshbandiyya began exactly under Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnavi.


Khoja Orif Revgari reported before his death that Mahmud Anjir Faghnavi allowed the jahri dhikr to be performed.


The Silsilatul orifin says that as Hodja Mahmud's death approached, he allowed his murid Hodja Ali Romitani to perform Jahri dhikr. Romitani also allows Boboi Samasi to teach Jahri dhikr at the end of his life. He also assigns this task to Sayyid Amir Kulol as the journey to the afterlife approaches. The pirs from Hodja Mahmud to Sayyid Amir Kulol followed Hafi dhikr and jahri dhikr equally. Khoja Bahauddin, on the other hand, left jahri dhikr and continued Hafi dhikr. Because Bahauddin Naqshband, after examining this matter in detail, says that he prefers Hafi dhikr based on the teachings he received from his teachers and prefers the quiet dhikr even if he alone or in an assembly.


According to the account of Mahmud ibn Sulayman Kafawi, the cycle of Hodja Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi's instructions on the formation of Hafi dhikr and Jahri dhikr is given in the following order.

 

The chain of Hafi dhikr Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.) reaches

1. Abul Hasan Haragani
2. Abu Yazid Bistomi
3. Imam Jafar Sadiq
4. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr Siddiq
5. Salmon of Persia
6. Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.)

 

The chain of jahri dhikr reaches Ali ibn Abu Talib

1. Abul Qasim Gurgani
2. Abu Usman Maghribi
3. Abu Ali Kotib
4. Abu Ali Rudbori
5. Junaid Baghdadi
6. Sirri Sakati
7. Marouf Karhi.
8. Dovud Toei.
9. Habib Ajmiy.
10. Hasan Basri
11. Ali ibn Abu Talib (r.a.)

 

Mahmud Anjira Faghavi took seriously the upbringing of murids and strove to make them perfect people. His teachings, which called his murids to goodness and purity, have not lost their relevance even now. His wisdom below calls for an awareness of the true nature of Islam, an awareness of the religious controversies going on in the world, an awareness of false sects, and a distraction from such vices as gossip, fabrication, and lies, which are still problematic issues today.


"The key to all good works is in vigilance, purity, wakefulness of the soul, and awareness of the truth."
"The way to Allah's pleasure is to protect the tongue from gossip, lies, and slander."
"Our science is a science that studies not only the world, but the whole being (the universe)."


The books of Manokib (Yodnama) tell about the life and works of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnavi. It is told that one day at a meeting in Bukhara, at which many scholars were present, at the direction of Khoja Muhammad Porso's great-grandfather, Mawlana Khafiziddin Shamsulayma Halwai asks the following question to Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnavi: "What are your intentions in Jahri dhikr? Khoja Mahmud: "The lost will wake up, and those who forgot God and wallowed in sins will be alert and will follow the righteous path. Sincere repentance is the key to all goodness and the truth of all bliss. Mawlana Hafiziddin, saying, "This deed is honest for you," pleads with him, "put a limit to Jahri dhikr, so that the truth is different from metaphor, from the influence of others." 


Khoja Mahmud says: " Jahri dhikr should be performed only by one whose tongue is clean from lying and gossip, whose bite is without doubt halal, whose soul is clean from lying and forgery, whose eye is clean from a view different from Hazrat Rububiat.
Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi died around 1286 in the village of Anjir Fagna in Wobkent and was buried in that village.
During the years of independence the shrine of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnavi was repeatedly improved and repaired. A new mosque, mausoleum, fountain, minaret, gatehouse, garden and hotel were built here.


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What's nearby?
There are several restaurants and hotels in front of
Restaurants
LАBI HOVUZ
0
M.Ikbol Street 7 Sahid Zarafshon Hotel
Average check: 30.0 $
Evening
4
22 Shahriston street
Average check: 22.0 $
CHINAR
4
22 Shahriston street
Average check: 12.0 $
SHAM
5
22 Shahrikhon street
Average check: 7.0 $
CHINARA
3
M.Ikbol Street 77 Sahid Zarafshon Hotel
Average check: 20.0 $
Hotels
Komil Boutique Hotel
4
22 Shahrikhon street
Average price: 45.0 $
Okhun XIX century
4
22 Gijduvan street
Average price: 34.0 $
Mukhlisabegim Hotel
5
28 Gijduvan street
Average price: 33.0 $
Labi hovuz
5
M.Ikbol Street 17 Sahid Zarafshon Hotel
Average price: 30.0 $
Hotel Malika Bukhara
5
35 Shahrikhon street
Average price: 44.0 $

How to go?
The mausoleum of Khwaja Mahmud Anjir Fagnavi is located 10 km from the center of Bukhara, and you can get here by bus and taxi from the center.
Working time
The shrine is open from 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. every day of the week.
Bus
It is served by bus number 54, 79, 85 in the direction of Gijduvan, and the average fare is around 10,000 UZS.
Taxi
In addition, you can also go by taxi, taxis will go to this place around 10,000 - 100,000 UZS, depending on the distance.