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YETTI PIR

Abdukholiq G'ijduvani kuddisu sirrihu. Khoja Muhammad Arif ar-Revgari. The mausoleum of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnavi. Memorial complex of Khoja Ali Romitani. Khoja Muhammad Baba Samosi memorial complex. Khwaja Syed Amir Kulol Bukhari memorial complex. Bahouddin Naqshband.
Sayyid Amir Kulol Bukhari memorial complex
Information about the memorial complex of Sayyid Amir Kulol Bukhari, the 6th pillar of ancient Bukhara
Article

The sixth feast of the Hojagan followers, Sayyid Amir Kulol ibn Amir Hamza ibn Amir Ibrahim, better known by the alias "Amir Kalon", was born around 1281 in the village of Afshina or Sukhor, a suburb of Bukhara. This man is the son of Amir Hamza ibn Amir Ibrahim, who was a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) and a native of Hijaz from the city of Medina moved to Maverannahr and lived in the Bukhara suburbs.


Although the sources do not mention the date of Sayyid Amir Kulol's birth, it can be assumed that he was born in 1281, based on the fact that Sayyid's first meeting with Amir Kulol of about three years of age took place in 1284.


According to the “Makomati Amir Kulol”, his father, Amir Hamza, had a close relationship with the Yasawiya tariqaa sheikh Sayyid Ota, he met every time he came to Bukhara. Sources of the Hojagon-Naqshbandiyya teachings state that even in the womb of Sayyid Amir Ghulam's mother it was known that he would be a chaste and great man in the future, and that every time his mother ate something that she doubted halal, she had a great pain arose inside. Sometime later, Sayyid Amir Kulol is born. When he was about three or four years old in 1284 Sayyid-Ota came and took off half of his turban and wrapped it around his head, they prayed that he would achieve high status and a career in the Muslim spiritual world in the future.


Although the one who gave him the blessing of declaring that Sayyid Amir Kulal would join the Sufi path was the Sheikh of the Yassawiyya Tariqat Sayyid-Ota, the one who actually led him to the Sufi path and made him a murshid(‘great teacher”) in the Suluk sair was Muhammad Boboi Samosi of the followers of the Khojagan teachings. Sayyid Amir Kulal, who became the murid(“follower”) of Hodja Muhammad Boboi Samasi, undergoes the stages of sayru-suluk with his murshid for twenty years and becomes his most mature caliph. And after Hodja Muhammad Samosi died, Sayyid Amir Kulol took over the leadership of the teachings.


Sayyid Amir Kulol succeeded in attracting many people to the teachings. Sources report that the number of his murids was one hundred and fourteen, and they all attained perfection in (spirituality) sairu suluk. Although Sayyid Amir Kulol never left his native country during his life, the author of "Makomoti Amir Kulol" notes that he also had many murids in Central Asian Turkestan, in Hijaz the cities of Mecca and Medina, as well as in Ancient Byzantium. Sayyid Amir Kulol lived for some time in the city of Nasaf, except in Bukhara and surrounding villages, including Sukhori, for the purpose of spreading his teachings.


One of the important places in the biography of Sayyid Amir Kulol is the fact that he was a Murshid directly to Khoja Bahauddin Naqshband, a major representative of the Khojagon Naqshbandi teaching, the predecessor of the Naqshbandi teaching, which came after the Khojagon stage of this teaching. As mentioned above, Sayyid Amir Kulol pir Khoja Muhammad takes over the education of the young Bahauddin Naqshband in the way of suluk(“teaching”) on behalf of Boboi Samasi. Bahauddin Naqshband has been in his service for some time, he passed the stages of suluk, he tells him that he can now be educated and continue his studies in suluk in the presence of any of the sheikhs of the hojagoniyya or yassawiyya.  


Sayyid Amir Kulol also preferred to earn a living by his labor, like his Pirs(“teachers”). Sources indicate that he was a potter, hence the nickname Kulol.


Another important and interesting place in the biography of Sayyid Amir Kulol is a relationship between him and Amir Temur (1336-1405). In "Makomati Amir Kulal" it is told that at the time when Amir Temur started a struggle for power, Sayyid Amir Kulal became his spiritual adviser, and in "Matlab ul-talibin" it is said that at that time Sayyid Amir Kulal took him as his spiritual son - Murid, passing him to his caliph Sheikh Shamsiddin Kulal to bring up.


At the same time he urges Amir Temur to make piety and justice the goal of his life.
Sayyid Amir Kulal had four sons named Amir Burkhan, Amir Shah, Amir Hamza, and Amir Omar, all of them followed the path of Sufism.


While his father entrusts his caliphs to lead these four sons through the stages of “sairu suluk”, he delegates the upbringing of the emir Burhan to Hodja Bahauddin Naqshband, the upbringing of Amir Shah to Sheikh Yodgar, the upbringing of Amir Hamza to Hodja Arif Deggaroni, and the upbringing of the emir of Umar to Jamaliddin Deh Osiyob.


Sayyid Amir Kulal died on June 8, 772 A.H. - November 28, 1370 A.D. - in the village of Sukhor and is buried in this village.
The author of “Makomoti Amir Kulal” Sayyid Amir noted that the number of Kulal caliphs was very high, mentioning seven of the following followers-Mawlana Arif Deggarani, Hodja Bahauddin Naqshband, Jamaliddin deh Osiyob, Sheikh Yodgar, Hodja Sheikh Darazuniy, Mawlana Jamaliddin Keshi and Sheikh Shamsiddin Kulal-as his most influential caliphs. However, the 'Rashahot-ayn al-Hayat mentions that Sayyid Amir Qulal had four Khalifs in the following sequence: Khoja Bahauddin Naqshband, Mawlana Arif Deggaroni, Sheikh Yodgar and Sheikh Jamaliddin Dahistani. The Maqomoti Hoja Bahauddin Nakshband states that Sayyid Amir Kulal considered Hoja Bahauddin Nakshband and Mawlana Arif Deggaroni the greatest of his caliphs, and before his death he ordered all his murids to follow Hoja Bahauddin Nakshband.


Sayyid Amir Kulal continued to promote the teachings of the feasts that preceded him, including the application of Zikri Jahri, introduced since the time of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnawiyyah. Also, the work "Makomati Amir Kulal" reflects his views on Sufi terms and etiquette as well as some Sufi concepts:


Shariah. Sayyid Amir Kulal argues that the basis of tariqaa is the observance of shariah. That is, in his view, Sufism is built on the basis of Shariah. Elsewhere, he urges his followers not to deviate one step from following Shariah, stressing that on this path, along with faith, prayer, fasting, zakat and hajj, it is also necessary to study the sciences of trade, serving parents, showing kindness to neighbors.


Sayru suluk. Sayyid Amir Kulol says that in Sayru suluk must be fulfilled: Ikhlos (devotion) - an action performed to get rid of anything that is contrary to God's commandments; danger - an action performed to save from the wrath of God; eating halal - an action performed to purify the heart and tongue; repentance - is the beginning of all worship and in the form of deciding not to repeat the sin; worship - is performed in conjunction with living at the mention of God, giving up bad habits, faithfulness to the covenant, unfaithfulness to the conditional deposit, walking, considering himself guilty; dhikr - action in the form of constant walking at the mention of God and the beginning of every work in his name.


Suluk manners. Sayyid Amir Kulal also speaks of the criteria of etiquette that a person who has entered the path of Sufism should follow in his personal life. In particular, he urges his murids to practice the profession in addition to such qualities as serving their parents and showing kindness to their neighbors, earning a living by their own labor, and earning enough to meet the needs of themselves and their family, thus being thrifty.


From what we have considered above, we may conclude that the role of Sayyid Amir Kulal in the development of the doctrine of Hojagon-Naqshbandi is, firstly, that he made certain additions to the conditions and etiquette of the Sayru Suluk teaching, and secondly, that he as the immediate Murshid Khoja Bahauddin Naqshbandi, contributed to the appearance of the seventh pir which led to the eminence of the teaching. Thirdly, he initiated the direct connection of the tariqaa Khojagon Naqshbandi with the ruling classes through the relationship established with Amir Temur, who began the struggle for power.


 
Extensive works were carried out on the territory of Sayyid Amir Kulol shrine.


Including: the tombs of Sayyid Amir Kulol were reconstructed in 2008 and a porch was built around them. A modern summer porch, a new mosque for 500 people, a kitchen for 50 people, a toilet for 50 people, 2 entrance gates and 285-meter walls were built and repaired.


The parking lot at the entrance of the shrine "Sayyid Amir Kulol" is modern and with all conveniences serves pilgrims and guests of our country! A modern hotel for 30 people, next to the shrine, has been fully completed and handed over to our country's guests.


Praise be to Allah that our temples have become a place of pilgrimage for visitors of our country and locals.


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What's nearby?
There are several restaurants and hotels in front of
Restaurants
LАBI HOVUZ
0
M.Ikbol Street 7 Sahid Zarafshon Hotel
Average check: 30.0 $
Evening
4
22 Shahriston street
Average check: 22.0 $
SHAM
5
22 Shahrikhon street
Average check: 7.0 $
CHINARA
3
M.Ikbol Street 77 Sahid Zarafshon Hotel
Average check: 20.0 $
Hotels
Sahid Zarafshon
5
M.Ikbol Street 7 Sahid Zarafshon Hotel
Average price: 50.0 $
Okhun XIX century
4
22 Gijduvan street
Average price: 34.0 $
Mukhlisabegim Hotel
5
28 Gijduvan street
Average price: 33.0 $
Labi hovuz
5
M.Ikbol Street 17 Sahid Zarafshon Hotel
Average price: 30.0 $
Hotel Malika Bukhara
5
35 Shahrikhon street
Average price: 44.0 $

How to go?
Khwaja Syed Amir Kulol Bukhari memorial complex is located 10 km from the center of Bukhara, and you can get here by bus and taxi from the center.
Working time
The shrine is open from 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. every day of the week.
Bus
It is served by bus number 54, 79, 85 in the direction of Gijduvan, and the average fare is around 10,000 UZS.
Taxi
In addition, you can also go by taxi, taxis will go to this place around 10,000 - 100,000 UZS, depending on the distance.